Marjorie Amy Yamada


With its own aesthetics, comics are a medium that integrates the world of words and the world of images. To reach the popular format we know today, with its sequence of frames, use of balloons, onomatopoeia and other visual resources, it took decades of trials that sought to combine illustration and text. The purpose of this study is to provide a historical overview of the evolution of textual layout in the universe of comics, following from precursory works of the first comic strips to current standards for the ninth art production. In order to better understand these changes, the step of comic lettering is briefly described as the textual insertion in comics. Then, through literature review, there is the chronological trajectory of how this process has developed, with emphasis on graphic innovations and influence elapsed of historical events, such as wars and artistic movements.


Index Terms - comics, comic lettering, graphic design, text layout.

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